Definition of 3A1 Enteric Fermentation Source Category
Methane emissions from herbivores as a by-product of enteric fermentation (a digestive process by which carbohydrates are broken down by micro-organisms into simple molecules for absorption into the bloodstream). Ruminant animals (e.g., cattle, sheep) are major sources with moderate amounts produced from non-ruminant animals (e.g., pigs, horses).
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buenida L., Miwa K., Ngara T., and Tanabe K. (eds.). IGES, 2006.
Available online at: http://www.ipcc-tfi.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/index.html